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    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Please post your A-Level GP/General Paper questions here

    Thank you

    • This topic was modified 6 years, 1 month ago by  admin.
    • This topic was modified 6 years, 1 month ago by  admin.
    • This topic was modified 6 years ago by  admin.
    • This topic was modified 6 years ago by  admin.


    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Please post your A-Level GP/General Paper questions here

    Thank you



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Please use GP Resource, very useful

    A-level GP/General Paper Tuition Singapore – Admin



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Hi GP Tuition students

    To do well for Paper 1, we will teach you in writing effective argumentative essays. Essential writing skills will be taught along with question answering techniques.

    Content knowledge will be covered extensively for good understanding of relevant GP topics.

    Examples of areas that will be covered:
    1) Social Issues
    2) Media
    3) Globalisation
    4) Science and Human Values
    5) The Arts
    6) Politics

    Have a great days ahead

    A-Level GP Tuition Admin



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Hi GP Tuition students

    Gentle reminder, please bring your GP file on Sunday 10 June.

    A-Level GP Tuition Admin



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    5 main qualities that examiners look for in a good essay are as follow:

    1. Relevance – Addressing key issues in the question.
    2. Adequacy – Facts,arguments,evidence.
    3. Maturity – Logic and reason, profound rather than simplistic treatment
    4. Organisation – Logical development of ideas to reflect continuity of thought.
    5. Style – Simple, clear construction that helps clarity, enchanced by linguistic variation.

    A-level GP/General Paper Tuition Singapore – Admin



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Planning Essays

    1) Identify the Question-type
    2) Brainstorm
    3) Select
    4) Categorise

    A-level GP/General Paper Tuition Singapore – Admin



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Hi GP Tuition students

    All the Best for the coming GP on Monday 5 Nov 2012

    From A Level GP Tutor



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Essay Guildline

    Do you agree that the father has the most important role in a family?

    Minimum requirements:
    Addressing of keywords “most important”, some explanation on traditional role of father, some discussion on roles of men and women as members of a family

    Supporting view:
    -father as breadwinner -16th and 17th Century European households, traditional Western structure
    -religious argument: father as head of family
    -traditional or culturally accepted role of father as disciplinarian, the one who maintains order or an explanation on the influence of Confucianism on Chinese families
    -Work in psychology or social research pointing out that children who are raised without a paternal figure lack self-esteem

    Opposing view:
    -functions and roles are not fixed according to one’s sex. Roles of men and women are changing. Other members may assume roles associated with male head of family
    -all members of a family have important roles or mother and father share equally important roles
    -same -sex marriages for example, lesbian marriages or in cases of single-parent families there will be no father but family still functions (difference between structure and function)

    From A Level GP



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    How has the regulation of arts and the media evolved in Singapore? How has new media affected this development?


    1. Defining “Art”:
    “Art” comprises sub-disciplines such as Fine Arts, Liberal Arts, Visual Arts, Plastic Arts, Literary Arts, Conceptual Arts, Decorative Arts, Applied Arts, Design, Crafts, Performing Arts and even Video Games (thanks to the National Endowment for the Arts, an independent federal agency supporting artists and arts organizations and bringing the arts to all Americans).

    2. Definition of “the Media”:
    “The Media” includes communication channels through which news, entertainment, education, data, or promotional messages are disseminated. Media includes every broadcasting and narrow casting medium such as newspapers, magazines, TV, radio, billboards, direct mail, telephone, fax, and internet. Media is the plural of medium and can take a plural or singular verb, depending on the sense intended.

    3. Definition of “New Media”, the Social Media of the New Millennium:
    “New Media” encompasses forms of electronic communication (as Web sites for social networking and microblogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content (as videos).

    4. Definition of Regulation:
    A rule designed to control the conduct of those to whom it applies. Regulations are official rules, and have to be followed.


    Impact on Cohesion in Society
    Speaking yesterday at the National Community Engagement Programme (CEP) dialogue, Minister Teo Chee Hean highlighted the Internet and social media as one of three driving forces whose impact on the cohesion of our society can be “double-edged”. The Internet and social media can be “an enabler of active citizenry and positive change” but “can (also) disrupt social order and harmony”, he said. Hence, a fine balance has to be struck between allowing free expression online and exercising some check, he said. “At some point in time, there is a need for some organisation – whether it is self-policing or the state to step in,” said Mr Teo. Early intervention is better because “if we take a step too late … emotions would have already been inflamed and it would be hard to calm people down again.”

    About 600 community and grassroots leaders attended the annual National CEP dialogue to discuss ways to strengthen the Republic’s social cohesion and resilience to crises. Along with Mr Teo and Mr Chan, Dr Yaacob, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Office Lim Swee Say and Minister of State for Manpower and National Development Tan Chuan-Jin also held discussions with the participants. The question of how free the Internet should be cropped up in Mr Tan’s session. He said differing levels of maturity and sensitivity among netizens throw up questions worth pondering on, such as whether the voices online represent the majority – and, if not, should we allow the minority to dictate our views and lives.

    The other two driving forces that Mr Teo highlighted were globalisation and extremism. Increased flows of people and ideas across the world can improve cross-cultural understanding, but more diverse peoples living in a dense city like ours can also result in “greater consciousness of the differences in behaviour and norms”, he said. Terrorist groups can also spread their ideological messages more quickly and further today – but the threat of extremism can also rally people to collectively fight for peace and harmony, he added.

    Impact on Politics and Governance

    Militants of the Arab Spring uprisings this year proved adept at using internet activism in confronting repressive regimes. Opposition leaders built support online, and inflammatory sites drew thousands of posts and served as forums for organizers and their followers. Protesters found community and strength in numbers online, and social networking sites, used recreationally in the West, became powerful tools in the hands of activists. However, governments can also use the internet to track activists and spread propaganda, or they can develop a “kill switch” that shuts down communications, reports Michael Teague for Al Jadid. Internet literacy and the flurry of protests in the Middle East caught technologically unsophisticated governments off guard. But a year later, the element of surprise is gone. Traditional grassroots activism and great personal sacrifice of all kinds are still essential for overthrowing unresponsive and ruthless regimes. – YaleGlobal

    5. Have Your Say:

    Quite often, the state media is accused of being the mouthpiece of the government while new media (given its “viral” nature and lack of immediate censorship) is thought to be a source of unadulterated truthful content. Read the following article.
    That WikiLeaks went to the press with the Afghanistan war logs shows old-fashioned news organisations still have a role to play…shocking material and a flair for public relations may be enough to get you noticed. But if it’s credibility you want, then old-fashioned news organisations still have something to offer.

    Do you get your updates on current issues more from in the mainstream news or the reports from the blogsphere? What steps do you take to ensure that what you read is reliable? How do you evaluate the credibility of your sources? (Student Ambassadors can do a straw poll and/or start a discussion on the issue of reliability on their school’s online portal)

    6. The Big Question: If you were the leader of a country, to what extent would you regulate the arts, the media and, in particular, the new media? Give reasons for your answer.
    Tip: In determining your answer, consider the varying degrees of freedom seen in other countries and its implications. Consider your own country’s unique considerations against your observations of circumstances elsewhere.

    GP Tutor



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Theme: How does the European debt crisis affect the lives of Singaporeans?

    The definition of a recession is a contraction in the total amount of goods and services produced – known as gross domestic product (GDP) – on a quarter by quarter basis for a total period of six months.

    In 2009, the Singapore economy contracted 2% with the biggest contraction of 4.1% in manufacturing sector (electronics, chemicals, transport engineering, precision engineering and general manufacturing).
    MTI Press Release: 19 Feb 2010

    You may wish to show the following documentary on the impact of the 2009 recession.

    The following articles and videos provide a clear explanation of the eurozone crisis. Unfortunately, due to copyrights issues, we are unable to replicate them in the resource package. However, we have provided a summary of the articles and videos so do check them out!

    1. This article provides a timeline and a quick summary of the events leading up to the eurozone crisis.
    “World leaders probably spent more time worrying about the eurozone crisis than anything else in 2011.And that was in the year that featured the Arab Spring, the Japanese tsunami and the death of Osama Bin Laden. What’s more, 2012 looks set to be not much different. But as eurozone governments hammer out new rules to limit their borrowing, are they missing the point of the crisis? Follow the path to find out…”
    What really caused the eurozone crisis?

    2. This New York Times article provides a more detailed explanation of the causes that led to the eurozone crisis.
    “The global financial system is highly interconnected. So problems in one part of the world can reverberate almost everywhere else – risking a cascade of default, contagion, contracting credit and collapsing economic activity. Exhibit A now is Europe…”
    It’s All Connected: An Overview of the Euro Crisis

    3. This presentation explains further the European debt crisis, with clear diagrams and flowcharts.
    “The European debt crisis explained: The debt levels around the globe are unprecedented in peacetime. The odds of restructurings and/or defaults are higher than most believe. When does debt become unsustainable? The video shows the debt levels of numerous countries have reached “problem” levels…”

    4. For a peak into how the person in the street is affected by the eurozone crisis:
    “The eurozone crisis has been under way for three years and has led to sharp welfare cutbacks and a credit crunch throughout the continent. But one of the most serious effects of the financial crisis has been an alarming spike in suicides in debt-burdened Greece, Ireland and Italy. Last Wednesday, about a 1,000 people gathered in central Rome for a candle-lit vigil to honor Italy’s economic victims. Statics show that from 2009 and 2010, some 400 small-business owners took their lives. There have already been 23 crisis-related suicides since January…”
    Amid Europe’s Debt Crisis, A Sharp Rise In Suicides

    Big player
    International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    World Bank
    European Union
    Eurozone and the Euro

    • Examine how a struggling economy impacts the lives of different groups (professions, income, family) of people.
    • “Our leaders have failed us.” Consider this in the light of global economic crisis.
    • To what extent should the government be held accountable for ensuring its citizens’ prosperity?
    • Given that the world’s economies are increasingly connected, what implications would a country’s failing economy have on the rest of the world?

    GP Tutor



    A-Level Tuition Singapore/GP Tuition/General Paper Tutor

    Theme: The social and economic implications of an ageing population, and
    how to deal with them


    • The world population is rapidly ageing

    Between 2000 and 2050, the proportion of the world’s population over 60 years will double from about 11% to 22%.

    • The world will have more people who live to see their 80s or 90s than ever before

    The number of people aged 80 years or older, for example, will have almost quadrupled to 395 million between 2000 and 2050…More children will know their grandparents and even their great-grandparents, especially their great-grandmothers.

    • The need for long-term care is rising

    The number of older people who are no longer able to look after themselves in developing countries is forecast to quadruple by 2050. Many of the very old lose their ability to live independently because of limited mobility, frailty or other physical or mental health problems. Many require some form of long-term care, which can include home nursing, community care and assisted living, residential care and long stays in hospitals.

    • Worldwide, there will be a dramatic increase in the number of people with dementias such as Alzheimer’s disease, as people live longer

    The risk of dementia rises sharply with age with an estimated 25-30% of people aged 85 or older having some degree of cognitive decline. Older people with dementia in low- and middle-income countries generally do not have access to the affordable long-term care their condition may warrant.

    • In emergency situations, older people can be especially vulnerable

    When communities are displaced by natural disasters or armed conflict, older people may be unable to flee or travel long distances and may be left behind. Yet, in many situations they can also be a valuable resource for their communities as well as for the humanitarian aid process when they are involved as community leaders


    The following are some of the sub-headings of the European Charter For The Elderly
    • Autonomy and self-determination
    • Equal treatment
    • Active citizenship
    • Personal development, social contact and meaningfulness
    • Access to information
    • Financial security
    • Housing and living environment
    • Care and service provision geared to a good quality of life

    Select (4 or 5) of sub-headings from the European Charter For The Elderly.

    (i) Discuss what each right entails. This would definitely involve identifying what the lack of that right would mean for the elderly. (See the article for more details about each right.)

    (ii) Consider whether these rights are protected in the case of the elderly in Singapore. Support your arguments with concrete examples.


    1. There are successful examples of retirement villages overseas such as the Humanitas Foundation which is the largest eldercare facility in the Netherlands.

    “In the Netherlands and Britain, many seniors are happy to sell their homes and move into retirement villages – or cared-living facilities as they are called these days – run by professionals and volunteers”.
    The Straits Times, Saturday, Feb 4 2012, Pg D5

    “Older folk need the same things to be happy as everyone else: They want to mingle with friends, dine in cafes, eat apple pie or have a drink in the bar. They love going to the hairdresser, playing bridge, spending time with grandchildren or participating in volunteer work.”
    Mr Hans Becker, chairman of the Humanitas Foundation, one of the biggest cared-living providers in the Netherlands
    The Straits Times, Saturday, Feb 4 2012, Pg D5

    2. The Humanitas Foundation’s Philosophy emphasises happiness more than ‘cure and care’.

    The starting point, as well as the ultimate goal of the Humanitas care philosophy is the enhancement of human happiness for clients with a physical, or somatic handicap. Cure and care are, therefore, no longer the core business. Living arrangements and a general feeling of well-being are elements of equal importance, or probably more so.

    Human happiness is defined by two aspects, an individual aspect (a person, though handicapped, wishes to have control over his own life) and a communal aspect (a person needs to have a sense of belonging, is in fact a herd animal). This is what the care organization needs to focus on.


    “The challenge is to build a city that is both affordable and liveable. ‘Liveability’ takes into account the social-psychological needs of the people including the need for familiarity, sense of place, sense of safety and convenience.

    Mr Lim Boon Heng,
    Minister-in-charge of Ageing Issues,
    Prime Minister’s Office, 3 March 2011.


    Today, day care centres for seniors provide care and keep them socially engaged. MCYS has also commissioned Tan Tock Seng Hospital to train day care staff, and efforts are also underway to make some day care centres more dementia friendly.
    … With the rethink in healthcare provision, the elderly themselves also need to be empowered to manage their health. “Chronic disease stays with the patient for years. The patient needs to know what to do,” said Dr Ho.

    ‘Holistic and Affordable Healthcare and Eldercare’
    From Challenge magazine

    To help Singaporeans and Singapore prepare for the ageing population, MOM has adopted a three-pronged approach which encompasses enhancing opportunities and employability; improving Central Provident Fund (CPF) returns; and making savings last during one’s lifetime.

    ‘Employability and Financial Security’
    From Challenge magazine

    In 2007, the Council for Third Age (C3A) was formed as an independent body to promote active ageing. The Third Age refers to a phase in life when an older person is actively engaged in society. In line with this, C3A catalyses the development of products and services that fulfil the aspirations and interest of seniors through partnerships with all sectors of society…

    ‘Active Ageing’
    From Challenge magazine


    1. Recently, the government has been emphasising values in education. How should the value of filial piety be inculcated in the young? Should it even be explicitly taught?

    2. How do we combine physical care and protection for our elderly with giving them their freedom and allowing them to engage actively with society?

    3. “The responsibility for taking care of the elderly rests solely on the government.” To what extent do you agree?

    GP Tutor


    Ong Aaron

    Yesterday, one of the 3 major telcos in Singapore (M1), experienced certain data network problems and they attributed this to a power fault. In one of the essay questions attempted by one of our students recently, he wrote about whether Singaporeans have become too reliant on technology. Do you think that this network disruption incident which M1 is facing would reveal any aspects of Singaporean’s reliance on technology? Also the other issue which surfaces from this article is whether the IDA’s (Infocomm Development Authority) fining of telecom operators in Singapore for failing to meeting certain Quality of Service is maintaining the telecommunications network in Singapore.


    • This reply was modified 4 years, 11 months ago by  Ong Aaron.

    Ong Aaron

    Would local companies in Singapore benefit from such technology?


    Ong Aaron

    The Punggol East by-election is scheduled to be on Jan 26 (next Saturday), with candidates from the PAP, RP, SDA and WP. SDP had chosen to drop out of the by-election. Do you think the Punggol East constituency would still vote for the PAP? In 2011 GE, MIchael Palmer (who has now resigned from the party), won about 54% of the votes cast in the approximately 32,000 member ward. Do you think that the PAP would win this by-election contest again? Would there be a difference if the opposition parties have come to a agreement to field in the strongest candidate so that it will just be a 2-way vote?


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